In an emergency, the actions of the first person on the scene can mean the difference between life and death. But do you know what to do?
1 How to help someone who is bleeding heavily
Put pressure on the wound with whatever is available to stop the blood flow, such as a towel or clothing. Call 999 and keep pressure on the wound.
2 How to help someone who is choking
Hit their back firmly between the shoulder blades to help dislodge the item. Call 999 if necessary.
3 How to help someone who is unresponsive and breathing
If someone doesn’t respond when you call their name and shake their shoulders, they are ‘unresponsive’. Tilt their head back and feel for breaths. If they are breathing, move them on to their side, tilt their head back to help keep their airway open.
Call 999 immediately.
4 How to help someone who is unresponsive and not breathing
Call 999 as soon as possible. Push firmly in the middle of their chest and then release. Keep pushing firmly at a regular rate until help arrives.
5 How to help someone who is having an epileptic seizure
If they have collapsed and are making jerking movements, use something soft to protect their head, and don’t restrain them.
When the seizure has finished, rest the person on their side with their head tilted back.
If it’s their first seizure, they’re hurt, or it lasted for longer than five minutes, call 999.